What does S: mean? Sire
does D: mean? Dam (Mother)
What does SG mean? Superior Genetics
What does GCH mean?
What does SGCH mean? Both of the above
SG, GCH, and SGCH are
pretty much meaningless initials dreamed up by the American
Dairy Goat Assn
The SG designation is an
especially poorly conceived award recently invented by the Board
of Directors of ADGA instead of the scientists. If the doe is in
the 86th percentile she gets SG. If more LA’s and DHI tests come
in and she drops to the 26th she is still SG. But 26th means 3
out of 4 Saanens are better than the doe. Is that “superior?”
“Elite Buck” means the
same thing as “Sire Summary”. 85th thru 99th %ile are called
Elite. For does, 95th thru 99th are called “Elite”. The USDA
computer comes up with “Top Buck”.
“%ile” is an abbreviation for percentile.
“Rank” means the
same thing as percentile.
The important scientific numbers are
Percentile and PTAM - developed by USDA scientists and in use by
thousands of serious cow dairymen. The “Bull Proof” numbers.
How much can a
percentile change? In other words, how wrong can it turn out to
be? That depends on the REL.
In practical terms, a Saanen with an REL of
70 or up will never change by more than 5 points. For example,
your 85% REL 73 COULD REALLY be a 90%ile or he/she could REALLY
be an 80th %ile. But 9 out of 10 times he/she is REALLY 87,
86,85,84 or 83.
Now with an REL of 36 or, or less, he/she could REALLY be almost
means Predicted Transmitting Ability Milk.
What does 01-09 305 2500
70 2.8% 75 3.0% mean?
Starting at 1 yr and 9 months of age the
doe, in 305 days, made 2500 pounds of milk and 70 pounds of
butterfat. (Seventy divided by 2500 is 2.8%.) 305 days is the
standard measurement. And she made 75 pounds of protein.
We use real “Standard
DHI Testing” - Just like cows. BE AWARE THAT ADGA NOW ALLOWS
PEOPLE TO INVENT THEIR OWN RECORDS!!
What does b.f. mean? Butterfat
What does VEEV mean?
Appearance: Very Good Body Capacity: Excellent
Excellent Mammary: Very Good
BENEATH V for Very Good
comes + for good
What does LA
mean? Linear Appraisal. VEEE means Very Good general appearance,
Excellent body capacity, Excellent Dairy Character, Excellent
mammary. The American Dairy Goat Assn. has a free booklet
explaining the program. Appraisers are dairymen, so they have a
little better value system than plain old judges. It is still a
bunch of old wives tales with no scientific studies to back it
up. Take your big powerful ugly money-making doe that barely
loses to a small beauty queen with a perfect small mammary in
the show ring. The big doe has a chance to get a HIGHER
Appraisal score than the show queen mini. But, if the big doe’s
udder has a tilt, forget it. She will be 8 to 10 points lower
What does V Ec Ec Ec
mean? That is a “Young Stock Appraisal” score. General
Appearance V body Capacity Ec Dairy Character Ec Overall=Ec
Note: different categories than LA above. The 4th letter in LA
for big goats is not “Overall.” It’s “Mammary.”
ADGA = American Dairy
DHI = Dairy Herd Improvement
MDIA = Maryland Dairy Improvement
Canadian Goat Society
NSBA = National Saanen Breeders Association